Can A Golf Ball Kill You?

Golf is a popular and well-loved sport worldwide, but it’s not without risks. One of the most common concerns among people is whether a golf ball can kill you. The short answer is yes, but the probability is extremely low. 

I have seen and faced many incidents of golf ball injuries. But none of them results in taking anyone’s life. When a golf ball hits you it hurts like hell. While playing golf I got hit in my lower legs and thighs. It was not fatal and I recovered after a few days. But recently in 2021, there was an accident in Australia when a 69-year-old man died when a golf ball hits him on the head. These cases are rare but can happen once in a while so it is better to be aware of the consequences while playing golf.

In this article, we will discuss the potential dangers of a golf ball and the likelihood of it being fatal.

Can A Golf Ball Kill You?

Golf Ball Properties

First, let’s examine the properties of a golf ball. A standard golf ball weighs around 1.62 ounces and is roughly 1.68 inches in diameter. When hit with a golf club, it can reach speeds of up to 120 mph. At this speed, a golf ball has the potential to cause serious injury if it hits someone.

Moreover, when a golf ball hits a surface it compresses. So the chance of a heavy injury is decreased by this property of a golf ball. It compresses so it does not make sharp contact like a bullet with a surface. But still, it can cause severe damage depending on the area where you are hit. The injury to the brain and neck can cause pain or death. However, when hit in other parts of the body it can cause swelling and you need an ice pack to deal with your wounds.

Also, find out are golf balls safe for dogs.

What are the chances of a Golf Ball actually Killing You?

According to a study by the Consumer Product Safety Commission, the odds of being killed by a golf ball are approximately 1 in 300,000,000. This means that you are more likely to be struck by lightning or win the lottery than you are to be killed by a golf ball.

However, accidents do happen and you can face severe injuries on golf courses. Golf clubs and golf balls are the main sources of injuries. And one should exercise caution while playing on the golf course. There are rare chances of a golf ball killing you but it can hurt you in several ways. Also, read a comparison between soft and hard golf balls.

Injuries by a Golf Ball

There have been reports of people being injured by golf balls, but fatalities are extremely rare. In fact, according to the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System, there were only 15 reported deaths caused by golf-related injuries between 2008 and 2017. To put this into perspective, there were over 40,000 golf-related injuries treated in emergency rooms each year during the same time period.

The majority of golf-related injuries are caused by being struck by a golf club or being hit by a golf ball. Injuries to the head, face, and eyes are the most common, but they are typically not life-threatening. Serious injuries such as skull fractures and brain injuries can occur, but they are scarce. There are many examples of golf ball injuries. Brooks Koepka hit a spectator with a golf ball and she lost her eye.

Can A Golf Ball Kill You?

Safety precautions while playing Golf

Golf is a popular sport that involves hitting a small, hard ball with a club into a series of holes on a golf course. While it can be a fun and relaxing activity, there is always a risk of injury, particularly from flying golf balls.

Here are some ways to prevent injuries caused by golf balls.

  1. First and foremost, it is essential to stay alert and aware of your surroundings while on the golf course. Golfers should always keep an eye on where other players are and be mindful of their own position on the course.
  2. If a golfer is about to take a shot, move to a safe distance away from the player and the direction of the shot.
  3. Another way to prevent injuries from golf balls is to use proper equipment. Golfers should always wear appropriate footwear, as slipping or falling on the course can cause injury.
  4. Additionally, players should use clubs that are the correct length and fit for their height and swing style. Using clubs that are too long or short can cause a golfer to mishit the ball and potentially injure themselves or others.
  5. It is also important to follow the rules and etiquette of golf. This includes not hitting a ball until the group ahead of you has cleared the area, and not walking in front of someone who is about to take a shot.
  6. Golfers should also be courteous and considerate of others on the course, as a peaceful and respectful environment can help prevent accidents and injuries.
  7. Golfers should always be prepared for emergencies. It is a good idea to have a first aid kit on hand in case of any injuries.
  8. Moreover, golf courses should have readily available emergency services in case of a serious accident.
  9. It is also important for golfers to be aware of the signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion or dehydration and take appropriate measures to prevent these conditions.

What to do when you Hit someone with a Golf Ball?

Assess the situation and determine the severity of the injury

Firstly, it is essential to assess the situation and determine the severity of the injury. If the person appears to be seriously injured or unconscious, you should call for emergency medical services immediately.

If the injury appears to be less severe, you should still offer assistance and make sure the person is okay. It is important to approach the person calmly and apologize for what has happened.

Exchange Contact Information

Secondly, you should exchange contact information with the person and offer to pay for any medical expenses or damages. This is not only the right thing to do but also a legal obligation in most cases. You should provide your name, phone number, and address, and ask for the person’s information as well.

Report the Incident

Thirdly, it is essential to report the incident to the golf course management or the appropriate authorities. They can help document the incident, provide additional assistance, and ensure that the necessary actions are taken. They can also provide guidance on how to handle the situation and prevent similar accidents from happening in the future.

Learn from the incident

Finally, it is essential to learn from the incident and take steps to prevent it from happening again. You can improve your golf skills. Pay more attention to your surroundings, and follow safety guidelines when playing golf. You can also consider using safety equipment such as protective netting or warning signs to alert other players of potential hazards.

Can someone Sue you when you hit them with a golf ball?

Most people do not sue a hitter when hit with a golf ball. But it may vary depending on your circumstances. If you have caused a few injuries to a person, apologize to them and make the necessary efforts to help them. Most people do not go for legal proceedings in such a case. However, in case of severe injuries people may sue you. When Brooks Koepka resulted in the loss of a woman’s eye he was sued legally and the case is still pending. So, be cautious of your surroundings when hitting a golf ball and take the necessary measures in case of an accident.

Can a golf ball hit result in a broken bone?

A golf ball can cause serious injury if it is hit with a high velocity and strikes an individual in a vulnerable area of their body. The force of a golf ball traveling at high speeds can cause a fracture, dislocation, or other serious injuries. In particular, if a golf ball strikes an individual in the face or head, it can cause serious damage to the skull, jaw, or teeth.

Can A Golf Ball Kill You?

The severity of the injury depends on several factors, including the speed of the ball, the distance it travels, the angle of impact, and the part of the body that it strikes. A golf ball traveling at a high speed can easily cause a broken bone or another serious injury, especially if it hits a vulnerable area of the body such as the wrist, ankle, or spine.

It is worth noting that the risk of injury from a golf ball is not limited to players on the golf course. Spectators, caddies, and other individuals in the vicinity of a golf game are also at risk of injury if they are hit by a stray ball. Golf courses typically have warning signs and safety guidelines in place to minimize the risk of injury, but accidents can still occur.

Etiquettes for hitting a Stray Shot

Following are the things you should exercise before and after hitting a stray shot:

  • The first and most important thing to do if you hit a stray shot is to shout “FORE!” This is a warning to anyone in the vicinity that a ball is coming their way, and they need to take immediate evasive action.

Note: This is not just a courtesy, but it’s also a safety requirement, and failing to shout “FORE!” can result in serious injury or even legal consequences.

  • Once you have alerted others to the danger, it’s important to check for any injuries or damage caused by the stray shot. If anyone has been injured, call for medical assistance immediately.
  • If there is any damage to property, such as a car, window, or building, you should take responsibility for it and offer to pay for the damages. You should also exchange contact information with anyone affected by the stray shot.
  • It’s also important to remain calm and composed in such a situation. Losing your temper or becoming defensive can make the situation worse and lead to more problems.
  • Take responsibility for your actions and be willing to make amends for any harm caused.
  • If you’re playing on a golf course, it’s essential to follow the rules and regulations of the course. Most golf courses have specific procedures in place for dealing with stray shots, and it’s important to adhere to these guidelines. The course may require you to fill out an incident report, and failing to do so could result in disciplinary action.

Common Injuries in Golf and How they can be Prevented

Golf is a low-impact sport that provides numerous health benefits, such as improved cardiovascular health, increased flexibility, and enhanced coordination. However, like any sport, golf carries a risk of injury. Here are the most common injuries in golf and how they can be prevented.

Can A Golf Ball Kill You?

1. Golfer’s Elbow

The golfer’s elbow, also known as medial epicondylitis, is a common overuse injury among golfers. It occurs when the tendons that attach to the inner elbow become inflamed or irritated. This can cause pain and weakness in the forearm and hand, making it difficult to grip and swing the club.

To prevent golfer’s elbow, golfers should warm up properly before playing, stretch regularly, and avoid repetitive motions that can strain the elbow.

2. Lower Back Pain

Lower back pain is another common injury among golfers, especially those who play frequently or have poor swing mechanics. The twisting motion of the golf swing can put stress on the lower back, leading to strains, sprains, and herniated discs.

To prevent lower back pain, golfers should focus on maintaining good posture, strengthening their core muscles, and using proper swing mechanics.

3. Shoulder Injuries

Shoulder injuries are common in golfers, particularly in the lead shoulder (the left shoulder for right-handed golfers). This can be caused by the repetitive motion of the golf swing, as well as poor swing mechanics or overuse. Common shoulder injuries in golf include rotator cuff strains and tears, shoulder impingement, and labral tears.

To prevent shoulder injuries, golfers should warm up properly. Stretch regularly, and work on improving their swing mechanics.

4. Knee Injuries

Knee injuries are less common in golf than some of the other injuries on this list, but they can still occur. Knee pain in golfers is often caused by the twisting motion of the swing or by walking long distances on hilly courses. Common knee injuries in golf include patellofemoral pain syndrome, meniscus tears, and ligament strains.

To prevent knee injuries, golfers should wear comfortable and supportive shoes, use a golf cart or caddy when possible, and avoid steep or uneven terrain. Also, find out injuries caused when a golf cart turns over.

5. Sunburn

While not a traditional injury, sunburn is a common problem among golfers who spend long hours on the course. Prolonged exposure to the sun can lead to painful and damaging sunburn, as well as an increased risk of skin cancer.

To prevent sunburn, golfers should wear sunscreen with at least SPF 30, and wear a hat and sunglasses. And seek shade whenever possible.


In conclusion, while it is technically possible for a golf ball to kill you, the probability is extremely low. Serious injuries can occur, but they are rare. Despite the low probability of being killed by a golf ball, taking precautions to protect yourself while on the golf course is still important.

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